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Time To End Building Collapse In Nigeria

With the change mantra wafting in the air, the present administration must demonstrate the political will to tame the monster of building collapse and avoid treating offenders of the nation’s building laws with kid gloves.

Nigeria has become one of the countries in the world with high incidence of building collapse. Her people are inundated with gory tales of building collapse almost on a weekly basis with the attendant loss of lives, property and investments.

Many more are injured or maimed for life. Major cities like Lagos, Ibadan, Kano, Kaduna, Onitsha, Enugu, Port Harcourt, Calabar, Abuja, and others have had their fair share of building collapse over the years.

Nigerians have had to watch in hapless resignation the inability of the authorities to put an end to this menace.

Recently, the Abu Naima Primary and Secondary School building in Jos, Plateau State collapsed killing 10 children.

In the same week, seven people escaped death in Yaba, Lagos when a four-storey building under construction collapsed on them. Similarly, two buildings under construction in Lekki and Surulere, Lagos State collapsed.

While the Lekki incident recorded no casualty, the Surulere incident claimed five lives, including a 13-year-old girl. Of course, the tragic building collapse at the headquarters of Prophet T.B. Joshua’s Synagogue Church of All Nations in Ikotun, a Lagos suburb on September 12, 2014, is still fresh in our minds.

Experts have attributed the growing incidence of building collapse in the country to bad design, poor construction, foundation failure, use of inferior building materials, illegal conversion of buildings, proliferation of quacks in the industry, non-adherence to professional advice and town planning regulations by property developers and
landlords, lack of enforcement of building codes by the relevant town planning officials and poor monitoring, among many others.

While we agree that the above factors contribute to building collapse, we insist that failure of regulation is the major cause of the menace. There are many regulatory authorities in the manufacturing, Importation, environment and property sectors whose duties are to regulate activities in the property and allied sectors from the manufacturing/importation of the building materials, supply, storage, citing, and construction, up to the finishing stage.

What is lacking is the commitment of these regulatory authorities to their duties. In other countries buildings don’t just collapse like they do here except from natural disasters. This is so because at every stage of the construction process, stipulated regulations are strictly adhered to.

Therefore, there is an urgent need for stricter  enforcement and complete overhaul of the nation’s building industry. Many allegations have been levelled against town planning officials for issuing building permits to non-professionals
thereby making the construction industry an all  comers affair as well as giving dubious approvals for sub-standard buildings.

We call on government to ensure that such corrupt officials found to be culpable in any building collapse should be
prosecuted and made to serve long jail terms to serve as deterrent to others.

Several cases abound where buildings are illegally raised on the same foundation while the regulatory authorities look the other way.

Hundreds of buildings across the country found to be structurally defective and marked for demolition are still being occupied by people years after they have been declared as dangerous for human habitation.

Most occupants of such buildings often defy the seal off notice on the buildings and continue to occupy them until disaster happens. This kind of dereliction of duty on the part of town planning officials who should ensure such tenants are evacuated should no longer be tolerated in the country.

A policy should be put in place to ensure that professionals connected with collapsed buildings should not only have their licences withdrawn, they should be made to face the full weight of the law.

There should also be a strict adherence to approved standards for building materials importation, production and usage.

The Nigerian Standard Organisation (NSO) must tackle the importation, manufacturing and sale of sub-standard and unwholesome building materials in the country through the effective implementation of its Conformity Assessment Programme (SONCAP).

Importers and manufacturers of sub-standard building materials as well as contractors and landlords found to be culpable in any incident of building collapse should be severely punished according to the law if government is serious about putting an end to their nefarious activities, which have brought sorrow to millions of families across the country and contributed to a decline in the nation’s housing stock.

Until offenders are punished accordingly, the problem of building collapse will continue to linger. The building construction process demands careful supervision, monitoring and valuation to ensure that the requirements and specifications for quality assurance are strictly adhered to.

Countries that understand the consequences of building failures and are committed to preventing them often ensure strict compliance with building rules and regulations and punish offenders accordingly.

In developed economies like the United States, Britain and many other parts of Europe, offenders face long jail terms and huge fines. With the change mantra wafting in the air, the present administration must demonstrate the political will to tame the monster of building collapse and avoid treating offenders of the nation’s building laws with kid gloves.

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