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Collapsing Buildings Across The Nation

The building construction process demands careful supervision, monitoring and valuation to ensure that the requirements and specifications for quality assurance are strictly adhered to

Nigeria has become one of the countries in the world with high incidence of build­ing collapse. Her people are inundated with gory tales of building collapse al­most on a weekly basis with the attendant loss of lives, property and investments. Many more are injured or maimed for life. Major cities like Lagos, Ibadan, Kano, Kaduna, Onitsha, Enugu, Port Harcourt, Calabar, Abuja, and others have had their fair share of building collapse over the years.

Nigerians have had to watch in hapless resigna­tion the inability of the authorities to put an end to this menace. Recently, the Abu Naima Primary and Secondary School building in Jos, Plateau State collapsed killing 10 children. In the same week, seven people escaped death in Yaba, Lagos when a four-storey building under construction collapsed on them. Similarly, two buildings under construction in Lekki and Su- rulere, Lagos State collapsed.

Experts have attributed the growing incidence of building collapse in the country to bad design, poor construction, foundation failure, use of in­ferior building materials, illegal conversion of buildings, proliferation of quacks in the indus­try, non-adherence to professional advice and town planning regulations by property develop­ers and landlords, lack of enforcement of build­ing codes by the relevant town planning officials and poor monitoring, among many others. While we agree that the above factors contribute to building collapse, we insist that failure of regulation is the major cause of the menace. There are many regulatory authorities in the manufacturing, Importation, environment and property sectors whose duties are to regu­late activities in the property and allied sectors from the manufacturing/importation of the building materials, supply, storage, citing, and construction, up to the finishing stage. What is lacking is the commitment of these regulatory authorities to their duties. In other coun­tries buildings don’t just collapse like they do here except from natural disasters.

This is so because at every stage of the construction process, stipulated regulations are strictly adhered to.

Therefore, there is an ur­gent need for stricter enforcement and complete overhaul of the nation’s building industry. Many al­legations have been levelled against town planning officials for issuing building per­mits to non-professionals thereby making the construction industry an all-comers affair as well as giving dubious approvals for sub-stand­ard buildings. We call on government to ensure that such corrupt officials found to be culpable in any building collapse should be prosecuted and made to serve long jail terms to serve as deterrent to others.

Several cases abound where buildings are ille­gally raised on the same foundation while the regulatory authorities look the other way. Hun­dreds of buildings across the country found to be structurally defective and marked for demolition are still being occupied by people years after they have been declared as dan­gerous for human habitation. Most occupants of such buildings often defy the seal off notice on the buildings and continue to occupy them until disaster happens. This kind of dereliction of duty on the part of town planning officials who should ensure such tenants are evacuated should no longer be tolerated in the country.

A policy should be put in place to ensure that pro­fessionals connected with collapsed building should not only have their licences withdrawn, they should be made to face the full weight of the law. There should also be a strict adher­ence to approved standards for building ma­terials importation, production and usage. The Nigerian Standard Organisation (NSO) must tackle the importation, manufacturing and sale of sub-standard and unwholesome building materials in the country through the effective implementation of its Conformity Assessment Programme (SONCAP).

Importers and manufacturers of sub-standard building materials as well as contractors and landlords found to be culpable in any incident of building collapse should be severely pun­ished according to the law if government is seri­ous about putting an end to their nefarious ac­tivities, which have brought sorrow to millions of families across the country and contributed to a decline in the nation’s housing stock. Until offenders are punished accordingly, the prob­lem of building collapse will continue to linger.

The building construction process demands care­ful supervision, monitoring and valuation to ensure that the requirements and specifications for quality assurance are strictly adhered to. Countries that understand the consequences of building failures and are committed to pre­venting them often en­sure strict compliance with building rules and regulations and punish offenders accordingly. In developed economies like the United States, Britain and many other parts of Europe, offend­ers face long jail terms and huge fines. With the change mantra wafting in the air, the present administration must demonstrate the political will to tame the monster of building col­lapse and avoid treating offenders of the nation’s building laws with kid gloves.

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