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Farming Techniques: How To Plant & Grow Cassava

There are new varieties of Cassava developed in Nigeria through a collaborative effort between International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA)and National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) and these varieties performs well in different cassava production regions of Nigeria with ‘High yield’, ‘High Dry Matter’ and ‘Good Disease Resistance.’

Planting Cassava Planting starts in April and can be extended to October. The quantity of cassava recommended for 1 ha is 60 bundles of cassava stem.

Cassava Stem cuttings 25 cm long should be planted at a spacing of 1 m x 1 m. Maintain 100 per cent cassava planting rate by replacing dead or nonviable stems.

Weed control Where a total herbicide was not used before land preparation for cassava plantation, it is recommended that a selective pre-emergence herbicide be applied within three days after planting. Five liters of Primextra is recommended /ha. Fertilizer application Fertilizer should be applied at   recommended rates.

The following fertilizers and their rate/ha are recommended • NPK 15:15:15–12 (50 kg) bags • NPK 20:10:10–9 (50 kg) bags • NPK 12:12:17–15 (50 kg) bags Apply fertilizer at 8 weeks after planting your cassava.

Apply fertilizer in a ring, 6 cm wide and 10 cm from the plant or broadcast with care around the cassava plant, making sure the fertilizer does not touch the cassava stem or leaves.

Yield Cassava Yield of 25 tons/ha and above can be obtained with good agronomic practices and management. Therefore, every step must be taken seriously in the process of planting your cassava.

To reduce cost of production and attain high yields, it is recommended that land preparation be fully mechanized. A power tiller can be used if the total land area under cultivation is not more than 250ha.

-Isaiah Onwuanumba

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